MBBS Course of Studies and Examination

MBBS Course of Studies and Examination

The Course, curriculum and examinations for the Degree of M.B.B.S. are governed by the rules and regulations of the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council currently inforce and as amended from time to time and as adopted by SSCMS/ Jinnah Sindh Medical University. The course of study for M.B.B.S. normally extends for a period of five academic years. The modular break-up of the main courses/subjects/examinations shall be as follows :-

First Year

  • Hand Washing Skill
  • Basic Life Support Skills (BLS / CPR)
  • Vital Sign Monitoring (TPR, B.P & Pain)
  • First Aid Skill

The first year examination in two semesters will be conducted by the University and only successful candidates will be promoted to the second year.

Second Year

  • Vital Sign Monitoring (TPR, B.P & Pain)
  • Auscultation of the Heart
  • Intramuscular Injections
  • Vaccination / Immunization
  • Basic Life Support (BLS)
  • Auscultation of the Lungs
  • Intravenous Cannulation

The second year examination in two equal semesters on above will be conducted by the University and only successful candidates will be promoted to the third year.

Third Year

  • Intramuscular & Intravenous Injection
  • Auscultation of Heart and Lung
  • Basic Surgical Skill. (O.T etiquettes, Suturing
  • How to Pass a Naso-gastric tube.
  • Male & Female Catheterization
  • Clinical Examination
  • (Basic), Dressing

Fourth Year

  • Fundoscopy
  • How to Perform Lumbar Puncture
  • How to Examine the Testis
  • Otoscopy
  • How to Examine the Breast
  • How to Examine the Prostate

Final Year

  • CPR for Adults, Infants & Neonates
  • Introduction to ACLS
  • Basic Surgical Skill
  • Instrument Handling
  • Knotting
  • Basic Suturing
  • Introduction to ICU Skills
  • Ventilator & CPAP
  • The Jinnah Sindh Medical University is following this new teaching methodology. It is one of the most modern and student friendly teaching system where the close integration between different subjects help them in concept bulding. The students are well aware of clinical application of the knowledge from day one.
  • Along with the standard teaching, case based learning (CBL) has also been introduced for the students to gain applied knowledge. Student are participating actively in these learning session. The teaching staff conducting CBL session has undergone training in several workshops held for this purpose.
  • This is a advance method of integration for clinical students.
  • No student shall be sent up for any examination unless she has attended 75% of the lectures, demonstrations tutorials, practicals, clinical work etc. The Principal of the College may condone for valid reasons deficiency upto five percent of attendance each in theory and practical/clinics.
  • No candidate falling short of attendance (75% of the total) shall be permitted to appear in the examination. Such a candidate may, however be permitted to appear at the next examination, if she attends the requisite number of lectures and practicals as per rules.


The curriculum of Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences is a Discipline-Based Curriculum. In general, it means that basic science course of Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology will be taught by the respective departments in a coordinated fashion, in both horizontal and vertical integration with Department of Community Medicine and other disciplines. Similarly, the clinical course of Medicine, Surgery and other Allied clinical teaching shall also be in an integrated format with other disciplines.

The curriculum followed at SSCMS for its five years MBBS and four years BDS Programs have been developed according to the needs of the health care system and is compatible with the curriculum of leading Medical Colleges and Universities in Pakistan and abroad. The curriculum meets the minimum standards of the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC).

There will be two university examinations during one academic year, Annual and Supplementary. Students who fail in Annual examination or do not appear in Annual examination due to any reason may be permitted to appear in the Supplementary examination. A student shall be eligible to appear in a professional examination if she fulfils the following conditions.

  • Has passed all the medical and dental subjects of the previous examination.
  • Has undergone the specified period of theoretical and practical courses for the said examination to the satisfaction of the department concerned.
  • Has attended not less than 75% of the prescribed number of lectures, practicals, and demonstrations in each subject for the class.
  • Has her name submitted to the Controller of Examination of the University by the Principle on clearance from the departments concerned.
  • Has passed the Sent-up examination (Pre Prof Exam) of the college.
  • Pre Prof/ Sent-up examination is held about a month before the university examination. Pass marks in the sent-up examination are 50%. Passing of Sent-up examination is essential to be permitted to appear in the university examination.
  • The minimum pass marks in each subject in the university professional MBBS and BDS examinations are 50% in theory and practical examination separately.
  • Students who are short of attendance at the time of annual examination will have to complete their attendance during the preparatory holidays or before the supplementary examination.
  • A student who fails or misses or is detained from a professional examination both in the Annual and Supplementary examination in any subject, shall not be promoted to the next higher class. She shall repeat the course of study in the subject in which she has failed/detained and again pay all the college fees including tution fee, etc. For the same class in which she has to repeat. This tution fee has to be paid within one month of declaration of result.
  • For promotion form First Year to Second Year a university examination called First Professional MBBS Part-A examination will be held at the end of First Year.
  • For promotion from 1st year to second year passing BDS 1st professional BDS examination is necessary.
  • A student who is eligible to appear in examination but did not take examination for whatever reason shall be considered to have failed.
  • A maximum of four chances availed/unavailed will be allowed to a student to clear the First Professional MBBS Part-A university examination and four chances to clear the First Prefessional MBBS Part-B, university examination. If a student fails to pass the First Professional MBBS examination in stipulated period she will have to leave the college as per PM&DC rules.
  • Four chances are permitted to qualify 1st prof BDS examination.
  • Internal Assessment: As per requirements of the PM&DC, 10% of total marks of theory and Practical examinations in the University Professional MBBS and BDS examinations will be allocated to in house assessment of the student.
  • Exact% will be intimated before commencement of professional examination. This will be based on various Departmental tests, Practical work/ Assignments, discipline, overall performance of the student. The marks calculated will be adjusted in her Annual University examinations.

Internal Evaluation and Pre Prof Examination

In addition to the Annual Examinations conducted by the University routine class tests are held by the Departments concerned. The college also conducts mid term and Pre-Professional Examinations. Results of Midterm and Pre-Professional Examinations are communicated to the parents/ guardians through the students. It is the duty of the students to apprise their parents of their progress in the academic field. Parents may contact the professor concerned or the Principal after prior appointment. The examination schedule is announced well before the commencement of examinations, so as to allow sufficient time for students to prepare. It is mandatory for students to fulfill the minimum requirement to be eligible to sit in the examination, on the following criteria.

Students Performance

Assessment/ Evaluation

Evaluation is an ongoing process, comprising of continuous assessment test (CAT), end of module examinations, and annual/ professional university examinations. Credit from continuous assessments contributes towards the final performance in professional examination. The assessment process is designed to achieve the instructional objectives.

To evaluate student's knowledge, skill and attitudes multiple assessment methods are used, including short answer questions (SAO), MCQs, OSPE, OSCE and oral examination. In line with the PMDC stipulation, the minimum pass level for all tests and examinations is 50%. (fifty percent)

SSCMS evaluation system encourages each student to create personal standards of excellence. Students who fail to achieve the criteria are helped by remedial coaching and by the subject expert of the specific field and if deemed necessary faculty members from other institutes or university are also called upon for the encouragement and enhancement of their skills in line with minimum standards required for the degree program.

Mandatory student attendance requirement of 75% at least is needed for sitting in the annual university examination. However, persistent unsatisfactory performance or chronic absenteeism could lead to withdrawal of the student from the college.

Internal Assessment

In MBBS and BDS 10% of total marks of each subject contribute to internal assessment. Internal assessment of theory is based on continuous assessment test (CAT), module exam conducted by the college, while internal assessment of Viva Voce/Practical is based on practical, OSPE, OSCE and ward assessment/tests/visit reports. Attendance and student behaviour also contribute to internal assessment.

The SSCMS examination cell works in liaison with the Examination Department of Jinnah Sindh Medical University and Karachi University being the examining body for Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences.

Learning Strategy

Learning Methods

The following teaching/ learning methods/ strategies are used to promote better understanding:

  • i. Interactive Lectures
  • ii. Problem Based Learning (PBL)
  • iii. Case Based Learning (CBL)
  • iv. Practical 's
  • V. Dissection
  • vi. Small Group Teaching
  • vii. Self - Study
  • viii. Seminars
  • ix. Case studies
  • X. Assignments
  • xi. Fields Visits
  • xii. Research Projects
  • xiii. Interactive Tutorials
  • xiv. Audio visual aids

The traditional lecture system is used to introduce a subject and discuss the broad concepts in that specific field of study. Interactive lectures to smaller groups remain an effective and essential way of teaching. More recent methods of learning and teaching, such as case-based learning and small group-based problem-solving sessions are also employed in line with the international standards.

Group Based Learning

Small group and tutorial sessions are regularly held every week to enable students to discuss the details of a lecture topic. Students are expected to prepare presentations on applied topics and discuss their implications with their fellow students. The lecturer acts as a facilitator. By participating in these group discussions, students have the opportunity to interact and learn from one another.

Hands on Training

Practical sessions are conducted to reinforce concepts developed during theoretical sessions. Laboratory work is a vital part of Physiology, Biochemistry, Histology, Microbiology and Pathology courses, and provides an opportunity for students to make their own personal observations in relation to their theoretical knowledge they gain. Gross Anatomy is mostly learnt during the practical session in the dissection hall. Lectures and tutorials are held for providing clinical orientation on the subjects.
Clinically-oriented topics are identified within the framework of anatomical information, which are structured, and case-based learning.

Clinical Case presentation / CBL

Theoretical and practical knowledge is supplemented by field visits and clinical case presentation to provide students with essential hands-on experience basic sciences and clinical practice.


The college regularly organizes seminars where groups of students are encouraged to independently present topics of general interest before a larger audience. This encourages students to read bey ond their textbooks and learn how to support their knowledge with research.

Remedial Learning

The college offers remedial program for students who face difficulties in learning or show deficiencies in their academic performance. These programs consist on topics already covered or currently being taught. Upon evaluation, any particular area is reinforced in the remedial program.

Community Based Learning

Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences is committed to provide the kind of environment and training that would enable professionals to successfully contribute to the improvement of the health sector, particularly in low income communities under the Community - Oriented Medical Education Program. The college involves its students in research -developing work in these designated communities. Students are encouraged to participate in the preventive and curative care and management of patients and their families in Primary Health Care field settings.

Subjects in MBBS Course

Classes 1st Year 2nd Year 3th Year 4th Year 5th Year Total Hours
Behavioural Sciences 5 hrs. 5 hrs. 5 hrs. 5 hrs. 5 hrs. 25 hrs.
Anatomy 250 hrs. 250 hrs. -- -- -- 500 hrs.
Physiology 250 hrs. 250 hrs. -- -- -- 500 hrs.
Biochemistry 100 hrs. 100 hrs. -- -- -- 200 hrs.
Pharmacology -- -- 300 hrs. -- -- 300 hrs.
Pathology 15 hrs. 25 hrs. 260 hrs. 200 hrs. -- 500 hrs.
Forensic Medicine -- -- 100 hrs. -- -- 500 hrs.
Community Medicine 25 hrs. 25 hrs. 50 hrs. 150 hrs. -- 250 hrs.
Medicine & Allied 25 hrs. 30 hrs. 120 hrs. 265 hrs. 360 hrs. 800 hrs.
Nuclear Medicine -- 10 hrs. -- 10 hrs. -- 20 hrs.
Emergency Medicine -- -- -- -- -- --
Medicine Elective, Psychiatry -- -- -- -- -- --
Dermatology and General Practice -- -- -- -- -- --
Paediatric Medicine 5 hrs. 10 hrs. 15 hrs. 50 hrs. 70 hrs. 150 hrs.
Surgery & Allied 25 hrs. 30 hrs. 120 hrs. 265 hrs. 360 hrs. 800 hrs.
Radiology 5 hrs. 10 hrs. -- 10 hrs. 15 hrs. 40 hrs.
Orthopaedics -- -- -- -- -- --
Paedsurgery -- -- -- -- -- --
Neurosurgery -- -- -- -- -- --
Surgery Elective -- -- -- -- -- --
Emergency Surgery & Anaesthesia -- -- -- -- -- --
Obstertrics & Gynaecology 10 hrs. 10 hrs. 50 hrs. 100 hrs. 130 hrs. 300 hrs.
Ophthalmology 5 hrs. 10 hrs. 15 hrs. 70 hrs. -- 100 hrs.
Otorhinolaryn-gology(E. N .T) 5 hrs. 10 hrs. 15 hrs. 70 hrs. -- 100 hrs.
Clinico-Pathological Conference -- -- -- 60 hrs. -- 60 hrs.
Total 740 hrs. 790 hrs. 1060 hrs. 1265 hrs. 940 hrs. 4795 hrs.